Diabetes


  • Diabetes is a disease that inhibits the body's ability to metabolize sugar.  Without medical, dietary, and physical intervention, complications of the disease can lead to blindness,s nerve damage, heart disease, and hardening of the arteries.
  • A normal blood sugar level is less than 100 mg/dL
    Prediabetes: 
    blood sugar level is between 100 and 125 mg/dL
    Diabetes: 
    blood sugar is 126 mg/ dL or higher
You must be fasting when you do your blood test.

Losing 5-10 percent of your weight can help to reduce blood sugar levels.

Exercising regularly and eating healthy foods are lifestyle changes that can help reverse prediabetes.  (Source:  Anthony L. Komaroff, M.D., “Prediabetes can be beat with changes," The Spokesman-Review, 2-4-2016
Statistics
  • Among adults in 2013, 9% had diabetes.  Diabetes prevalence increased as age increased.  (Spokane Counts 2015, page 10, Spokane Regional Health District)

  • About half of all Americans have either diabetes or pre-diabetes.  ("Half of U.S.has diabetes or risks it," National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, Los Angeles Times, September 9, 2015)

  • Young people with diabetes were four times more likely to be hospitalized for mental health or substance use treatment in 2014 than those without the disease. 

    Depression is two to three times more common among young people with diabetes than those who don’t have the disease.   (Source: “Diabetes linked to mental health risk”, Michelle Andrews, The Spokesman-Review, 8-16-16)


What You Can Do
  • New Guidelines Urge Diabetics to Move More.  People with diabetes need to move more often than previously advised, new guidelines say.

    To improve blood sugar management:   People with diabetes should do three or more minutes of light activity every 30 minutes during prolonged periods of sitting, such as working on a computer or watching TV. This is especially true for those with type 2 diabetes, according to the latest recommendations from the American Diabetes Association (ADA).
These light activities include:  Overhead arm stretches, walking in place, leg lifts or extensions, desk chair swivels, torso twists and side lunges.
Being physically active for 30 minutes a day helps improve your blood glucose.  "This movement should be in addition to regular exercise.  Included in these guidelines,  specific types of exercise -- aerobic exercise, resistance training, flexibility and balance training and general lifestyle activity.
Women with gestational diabetes:   Should do aerobic and resistance exercise.
People with prediabetes:   Are urged to combine increased physical activity with healthy lifestyle changes to prevent progression to type 2 diabetes.   (Source:  Sheri Colbert-Ochs, consultant/director of physical fitness for the American Diabetes Association, reporter Robert Preidt, HealthDay News, Oct. 26, 2016; the guidelines were based on a review of more than 180 studies and the input of diabetes and exercise experts, published in the journal Diabetes Care)